Open data

About data

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Group of open data

Introduction to open data:

Open data is a specific set of machine-readable public information that is available freely and without limits to the public via a national open data platform and can be utilized or shared by any individual, public or private entity.

Goal of open data:

Principles of Open Data:

Data should be made available: This principle assures that the data of public entities is accessible to all through disclosure, access, or use, unless the nature of the data necessitates that is not revealed, should be protected, or confidential.

Open form and automated reading: Data is made available and provided in machine-readable formats that allow for automatic processing and storage in commonly used file formats such as: CSV, XLS, JSON or XML.

Freshness of data: The most recent Data Sets are published on a regular basis and made available to everyone as they become available. When possible, data gathered by public entities are published as soon as they are collected, and precedence is given to data of decreasing usefulness over time.

Comprehensiveness: Open data sets must be as detailed as feasible and reflect recorded data that is not conflicting with the personal data protection policy. Metadata that clarifies and explains the preliminary data, as well as explanations or equations that describe how the data is retrieved or produced, should be included.

Non-discrimination: Data sets must be made available to everybody without discrimination or registration. Anyone, at any time, can access public open data without having to prove their identity or offer a reason for doing so.

No cost: Open data should be made freely available to everyone.

Open data licensing in the Kingdom: Open data is subject to a license, which specifies the frequency with which it can be used as well as the terms, obligations, and limits imposed on the user. The usage of open data also implies acceptance of the licensing terms.

Creation of a governance model: Inclusiveness makes open data accessible and inclusive, improves public transparency and accountability, and aids decision-making and service delivery.

Comprehensive growth and innovation: The entities play an active role in encouraging open data reuse and providing the required resources and skills. The entities must collaborate with stakeholders to empower the next generation of open data innovators and to engage individuals, entities, and everyone in general in launching open data capabilities.